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STOMATOLOGY

STOMATOLOGY

猖獗 龋 :: This kind of fangs is terrible, don’t provoke!

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Human teeth are a very important part of the human body. Our teeth first play a role in crushing food. Through the teeth, food can be made to be more convenient for swallowing. At the same time, teeth are the key to the external image of human beings.Having a good tooth will give you confidence.Some people will develop spasmodic dental caries for some reasons. The occurrence of this disease often causes a major blow to people.Spastic caries is a type of acute spasm, which is rapidly named for its progression.The terrible thing about spastic caries is that in the short period of 6 to 12 months after the onset of illness, most of the teeth in the mouth are suffering from sputum at the same time, which is called “the whole army is annihilated.”In life, how can we prevent spastic caries?1. Avoid sweets and prevent tooth decay. If you eat sweets, brush your teeth or rinse your mouth immediately.After each meal, rinse your mouth, remove food residue, and keep your mouth clean.Brush your teeth in the morning and evening, brush your teeth for 3 minutes each time, brush your teeth moderately, don’t use too much force to avoid damaging your gums.Choice of toothpaste: choice of fluoride toothpaste toothbrush: use a small soft toothbrush and replace the toothbrush regularly (at least every three months).2, maintain good oral hygiene habits brushing teeth is an important part of children’s oral health care, generally advocate vertical brush method, upper teeth from top to bottom brush, lower teeth from bottom to top brush, occlusal surface to brush back and forth, but recommended for preschool childrenUse the lap method to brush your teeth, that is, with the upper and lower teeth gently closed, use a toothbrush to draw a circle on the tooth surface clockwise or counterclockwise to remove plaque.3, eat more fibrous food, pay attention to balanced diet, do not picky eaters, especially eat more vegetables, fresh fruits and other high-fiber, nutritious and rich food, so that it is conducive to the self-cleaning effect of teeth, not susceptible to ricketsIt is also conducive to the growth and development of the oral and maxillofacial surfaces, promoting the alignment of the teeth and enhancing the chewing function.Studies have shown that the amount of sugar per day is positively correlated with the occurrence of dental caries, so try to minimize the amount and frequency of sugar intake.4. Reduce the frequency and quantity of drinking acidic drinks. Frequent drinking of acidic beverages (if juice, carbonated beverages and dairy beverages) can increase the time of direct contact between the tooth surface and the acidic substances, causing demineralization of the teeth, causing tooth allergies and cold.Hot and sour is sensitive and even painful.In addition, the sugar in the beverage is easily metabolized by bacteria, and the long-term drinking is greatly increased, so that the risk of caries is greatly increased.It is best to let children develop the habit of drinking boiled water, or to minimize the amount and frequency of drinking carbonated drinks, and advocate the use of straws to inhale beverages.After drinking the beverage, rinse the mouth with water to dilute the acidic substances in the mouth.

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STOMATOLOGY

How important is enamel to the teeth?

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In the TV screen, many advertisements selling toothpaste will claim that the products they sell have the effect of protecting the enamel.However, what is enamel?The outermost layer of the tooth is called enamel. The enamel is a milky white translucent substance. It is the hardest part of the human bone. It has the properties of corrosion resistance and wear resistance. It can protect the dentin and pulp tissue inside the tooth.Not damaged.The higher the degree of enamel calcification, the stronger the hardness and the healthier the teeth.However, if the enamel is damaged, the tooth loses the umbrella, and the dentin is gradually eroded, eventually causing toothache and causing oral disease.Enamel is non-renewable and cannot be repaired after damage. At present, repairing enamel is a “hard challenge” in the field of bionics.In the case of enamel damage, what we have to do is to protect it from damage.So, what measures in life help protect enamel?How to prevent enamel damage?1. After eating acid, the mouth enamel is most afraid of acid as soon as possible. The acid will decalcify the enamel, and the degree of calcification is reduced.Therefore, after eating acidic foods such as sour grapes, sour apples, yogurt, vinegar, and sour lemons, you should brush your teeth in time to let the enamel break away from the acidic environment as soon as possible to avoid damage to the enamel.2, after eating and brushing teeth to protect the enamel, to develop the habit of mouthwash or brushing after meals, otherwise bacteria will break down the food residue and produce acidic substances, which will easily damage the enamel.3, brush your teeth too hard to brush your teeth too hard not only can not clean the mouth, but also cause enamel damage, causing gum allergy, increase the risk of dental caries.It is best to choose soft bristles when brushing your teeth.4, to avoid biting hard enamel, although very hard, but also more brittle, but also easy to crack, protect the enamel is recommended not to use teeth to bite hard food, do not use the teeth to open the cap to avoid enamel cracking.

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STOMATOLOGY

Beautiful teeth artifacts are more blind and easy to use

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With the improvement of living standards, people pay attention to the health of their teeth while also pursuing a white tooth.From the purchase of whitening toothpaste to toothpaste powder, to the variety of beautiful “artifacts”, such as cold-light beauty instruments, whitening tooth stickers, etc., more and more people will buy beautiful teeth products into their homes, and implement their ownThe US tooth plan.However, an interview with the Chutian Metropolis Daily reporter learned that it is not uncommon for patients to go to the hospital with a “sick tooth” because of improper teeth.Yesterday, Wang Linlin, the attending physician of the Department of Stomatology, Gutianyuan District, Wuhan Fourth Hospital, reminded that teeth whitening is stressful, blind use is risky, and not to lose health for whitening.Frequent application of toothpaste powder Women’s teeth decalcification allergy 32-year-old Ms. Wang lives in Hankou.Because I brush my teeth only in the morning, and I have coffee, black tea and other colored drinks, the color of her teeth is more yellow than her peers.Ms. Wang admits that because of the yellow teeth, she usually does not dare to laugh, and occasionally she has some inferiority.A month ago, under the recommendation of a friend, she spent 200 yuan and purchased 6 bottles of toothpaste that claimed to be “30 days to brush away 20 years of tooth stains.””Toothpaste powder is very convenient to use, just apply it on the teeth, gently brush it, the price is not expensive, there is a mint flavor after use, and the method of cleaning teeth, such as daily brushing, washing teeth, etc. is the same.Ms. Wang said that in order to ensure the whitening effect, she insisted on using the tooth powder every morning and evening. The teeth slowly turned whiter than before. Her strength was getting more and more, and sometimes she used 3 times a day.What Ms. Wang did not expect was that her teeth suddenly bleed last week and there were symptoms of soreness. I went to the Fourth Hospital of Wuhan to know that it was caused by tooth decalcification.The doctor told Ms. Wang that the dentifrice powder has a relatively high concentration of bleaching ingredients compared to ordinary whitening toothpaste, so the effect is instantaneous.However, too high a concentration will affect the structure of the teeth and decalcify the teeth.Moreover, the dentifrice is used for a long time, and the enamel is washed away.Self-use cold light beauty instrument Men’s gums are sore and painful, Wu Jun’s Mr. Wu also saw the US tooth products in the WeChat circle of friends.After comparing it online, he finally chose a home cold light beauty instrument with a price of 287 yuan.”The price of this kind of beauty instrument on the Internet is from 100 to 1000. The price of this beautiful toothpick I bought online is not the lowest. I sell more than 10,000 pieces in the online store, and most of the messages are praised.Mr. Wu said that he was smoking longer and his teeth were slowly smoked. When he smiled, he showed a big yellow tooth.He used to go to regular hospitals to whiten his teeth, but it doesn’t take time to say that the price often costs more than a thousand dollars.He believes that so many people choose to buy online, the effect should be guaranteed.Ideal fullness, realistic skin.What Wu did not expect was that when he first used this cold-light beauty instrument at home, there was a severe pain in his gums. He had to stop using it and rushed to the Department of Stomatology, Hubei Provincial Maternal and Child Health Hospital.Visiting a doctor.The doctor told Mr. Wu that because he had dental caries, it was not suitable for cold light, otherwise the gums would be damaged.However, Mr. Wu found that, including online shop promotion and product specifications, there was no reminder that the caries could not be used, which made him feel cheated.”Fortunately, I have not continued to use it. Once the gums are shrunk, it will be irreparable.” Mr. Wu repented.A wide variety of whitening products have been used for blind tooth risk. On a large e-commerce platform, the reporter found that all kinds of whitening teeth products are popular, and the top sales are whitening toothpaste, toothpaste, cold-light tooth beauty and whitening.Dental stickers.So, what is the whitening effect of these products?Is it risky to buy it directly at home?In this regard, the reporter asked the dentist to analyze one by one.Wang Linlin, an attending physician of the Department of Stomatology, Gutianyuan District, Wuhan Fourth Hospital, said that ordinary toothpaste is mainly used to clean plaque, while whitening toothpaste is mostly added with silicon-based substances or low-concentration hydrogen peroxide.Decomposes stains that yellow the teeth.Due to the short brushing time and the low concentration of whitening ingredients, the tooth whitening effect is limited, often only to prevent further yellowing.Some toothpastes that claim to have a fast and good whitening effect generally increase the concentration of hydrogen peroxide or whiten the teeth by adding a grinding component, which often damages the enamel.Toothpaste powder is similar to whitening toothpaste and also contains a friction agent. Frequent use can damage the enamel and decalcify the teeth.”Cold-light beauty is medical whitening, not everyone is suitable, need professional medical staff to operate.” Chen Wei, the attending physician of the Department of Stomatology, Hubei Provincial Maternal and Child Health Hospital, said that there is often no professional protective measures for using the cold-light beauty instrument at home.The gums shrink and corrode the enamel.In addition, some products contain too much hydrogen peroxide and can burn gums.As for the whitening toothpaste, Wang Linlin said that the peroxide component in the whitening toothpaste should not exceed 10%. Some merchants may increase the peroxide content in order to pursue the effect, which may also damage the gums and enamel and make the teeth sore.There are many side effects in American teeth. Good habits are more important.
Wang Linlin said that the main ingredients of tooth whitening products are peroxides and abrasives.Although some products may be labeled with no hydrogen peroxide, the urea peroxide contained in the product reacts with other substances to produce peroxide, which causes the discoloration of the teeth through the principle of oxidation.”These ingredients have some stimulation to our gums, and there will be side effects. If used frequently, it will cause damage to the enamel on the tooth surface, causing demineralization of the enamel and easy tooth decay, including symptoms of sore teeth.” Wang Linlin reminded, don’t blindlyPurchasing and using these whitening teeth products yourself, you need a good habit to develop a relatively bright and white tooth.For example, brush your teeth every morning and evening, brush your teeth for at least 3 minutes each time, brush as much as possible on each side of each tooth; eat less sweet and sticky substances, try to gargle and brush your teeth after eating;Perform an oral examination and treat the problem as soon as it is found.In addition, it is best to go to the hospital for a tooth cleaning every six months to a year.In addition, the faint yellow color is the color of healthy teeth.Wang Linlin suggested that people with white teeth needs to go to regular hospitals as much as possible.“Hospitals use gingival protectants when cleaning their teeth. It also stipulates that whitening teeth require longer intervals, which can reduce the damage to tooth gums to a certain extent.” The above content is only authorized for exclusive use by 39 Health Net.Authorization please do not reprint.

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STOMATOLOGY

Anyway, the child will grow a new tooth, and the tooth will not be used?

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When Xuan Xuan was 3 years old, he developed a very bad habit. He had to eat bread before going to bed, crying when he didn’t eat, and his children slept well. He often fell asleep while eating and eating.He was only 6 years old this year, and he was full of caries. As long as he grinned, he saw that the front teeth had been eroded by bacteria.When the caries appeared, Xuan Xuan took the child to the hospital to see the teeth. The doctor suggested filling the teeth. After filling a tooth, the child cried and refused to fill the teeth.After that, the parents did not reassure the matter and thought that it would be better to wait for the child to change their teeth.Dr. Li Wenyue, Department of Stomatology, Beijing Chaoyang Hospital said: “The idea of ​​Xuanxuan’s parents is completely wrong. The deciduous teeth can not only play the role of chewing, but also guide the use of permanent teeth. Once the child’s dental caries are found, they should be treated early, otherwiseAfter the child changes the teeth, it will affect the chewing and the health of the subsequent permanent teeth.” 1. Causes of dental caries. Oral cleaning is not in place: a large amount of plaque remains on the tooth surface, and the acid produced is greatly increased, and the tooth tissue is enlarged.corrosion.The oral cavity is in a relatively acid environment: too much excessive intake of high-sugar foods, bacteria grow a lot, once the saliva, buffer capacity, acid began to corrode teeth.After the teeth appear in the pit, the food is stuffed into the cavity, and the bacteria are fermented inside, which produces more acid and corrodes the surrounding dentin.2. The harm of children’s caries The caries of the deciduous teeth are not treated in time, the cavities are getting bigger and bigger, and when the bacteria infects the teeth, it will cause inflammation of the pulp and toothache.Further, when the soft tissue around the root is infected, not only pain but also local swelling of the gums occurs.The periapical periodontitis of the deciduous teeth can lead to the destruction of the local alveolar bone, and the root root absorption is abnormal, so that the inherited permanent teeth are early or late.If the deciduous teeth are lost early, the gap for the subsequent permanent teeth is reduced. When the permanent teeth are erupted, the position abnormality occurs due to insufficient gap, which leads to the malocclusion, and the speech learning problem and psychological influence caused by the deciduous teeth are not allowed.Neglect.The child’s tooth change is a long process, and the last tooth is about 12 years old.The deciduous teeth can cause deterioration of the oral environment and cause erosion of new permanent teeth.3. Treatment of dental caries The deciduous teeth may have sputum sputum soon after eruption. The earliest children with sputum in 6 months can be seen in the clinic. The sputum rate is generally increased at 3 years old and reaches the peak at 3 to 8 years old.For some shallow sputum, directly filling the teeth, you can quickly achieve the effect of repairing the teeth.For the occlusal surface, the smashed area is extensive, and it is difficult to make the teeth of the filling cavity type, and the smashing tissue grinding method can be used to prevent the teeth from continuing to smash.If you sneak into the tooth nerve, you must first treat the nerve, you have to do root canal treatment.In case of permanent tooth germ, you may have to remove the deciduous teeth and wear a gap holder. If the teeth of the breast four are missing, the holder will be worn on the milk 5 to maintain the normal eruption of the permanent teeth.4. Prevention of dental caries diet control: reduce the amount of sugar intake and sugar intake.If you really need to eat sugar, you can eat it quickly after meals. You can’t follow the “less meals” diet.Usually pay attention to a balanced diet, eat more fruits and vegetables, fruits and vegetables can stimulate the secretion of saliva, which is good for washing away harmful acid and food residues in the mouth and teeth.Foods don’t have to be too fine. They often let their children eat some tough foods that need to be licked, which is good for tooth development, such as corn and pancakes.Brush your teeth properly: After the baby has the first tooth, you need to clean the teeth. Because many parents don’t have this kind of consciousness, let the child fall asleep with the bottle, extend the breast milk or bottle feeding time, feed the night milk after the teeth erupt, etc.Poor feeding methods can cause children to have their “feeding sputum” or “baby bottle”.If the child has only one or two deciduous teeth, the parent can gently wipe the baby’s deciduous teeth after washing the baby’s milk with gauze.After the child’s teeth are getting longer, the parents will start brushing their teeth until the child can clean the teeth independently.It should be noted that when children start to brush their teeth independently, do not use fluoride toothpaste to prevent children from swallowing toothpaste.

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STOMATOLOGY

Oral orthodontics, in addition to becoming beautiful, actually have these benefits

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If your mouth has irregular teeth, different tooth shapes, missing teeth, deformed teeth, or abnormal color of teeth, you can repair it through orthodontics or orthodontics to restore normal oral teeth.face.In order to improve the value of the appearance, people often go to the hospital to choose different treatment options for orthodontics.In addition to becoming beautiful, do you know the benefits of orthodontics?What are the benefits of orthodontics?1. Enhance chewing function.Whether it is the protruding tooth of the upper incisor or the protruding space of the lower incisor, the tooth bite will be abnormal, which will affect the chewing function and increase the digestive burden of the stomach.Oral orthodontics is beneficial to increase the contact area of ​​the upper and lower jaw teeth, enhance the chewing function of the teeth, and facilitate the digestion of food.2, good for periodontal health.Misaligned teeth or different shapes may cause food caulking, which will increase the difficulty of cleaning the teeth, easily cause calculus, induce oral diseases such as gingivitis and periodontitis, and cause symptoms such as bad breath and tooth bleeding. After orthodonticsIt helps to facilitate cleansing and maintain oral hygiene, thus preventing periodontal disease.

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STOMATOLOGY

Bad breath suggests four diseases of the body?

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Bad breath is also called oral odor. It refers to the odor from the mouth or other air-filled cavities, such as the nasal cavity, sinuses, and pharynx. It is not only a manifestation of local or systemic diseases, but also seriously affects people.The social interaction and mental health, bad breath can be divided into true bad breath, fake bad breath, and bad breath phobia.True bad breath is a cause for attention. Local conditions of the mouth are the main causes of bad breath, such as tongue coating, caries, infill and poor prosthesis, as well as periodontitis of gingivitis.So what are the four diseases of bad breath?1. Periodontal disease: Periodontal disease mainly includes gingivitis and periodontitis. If it is gingivitis, it can be relieved only by washing the teeth.If it is periodontitis, in addition to the need to wash the teeth, it is also necessary to perform underarm treatment and root planing, which is called periodontal system treatment.However, whether it is gingivitis or periodontitis, oral hygiene maintenance is required after treatment. Brushing the teeth at least twice a day for 3 minutes, it is best to use dental floss to clean the interdental space every day.2, digestive system diseases: the cause of bad breath may also be caused by digestive diseases, such as chronic gastritis, gastric ulcer, Helicobacter pylori and other infections.If this is the case, it will be necessary to go to the internal medicine clinic to be relieved.3, acid odor caused by the accumulation of food: the acid odor in the mouth may also be caused by the accumulation of food, skunk, gas is caused by stomach heat.Also consider the problem of oral mucosa. There are untreated caries and residual roots in the oral mucosa. Food residues, plaques and bacteria often remain under the overhang of the bad prosthesis. After fermentation, the odor is generated.At the same time, in peacetime, his own bad eating habits, such as eating some spicy and irritating things, long-term smoking, etc., reduce the secretion of saliva in the mouth, and cause bacteria to decompose the food residue and cause bad breath.4, the stomach has inflammation: heartburn bad breath is mainly caused by inflammation of the patient’s stomach, it is recommended that patients use some drugs for conditioning, patients can use Niuhuang Qingwei pills, Sanjiu Weitai granules and other drugs for conditioning, you can also use aluminumMagnesium carbonate chewable tablets to alleviate the symptoms of stomach burning.Usually pay attention to drinking more water, do not eat spicy food, for some hot foods, such as lychee, lamb, etc., do not eat too much.Develop good eating habits, regular quantitative, not overeating, and maintain a healthy diet.

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STOMATOLOGY

What is a huge platelet disease?

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Giant platelet disease is a hereditary disease characterized by thrombocytopenia, giant platelets, prolonged bleeding, and a series of syndromes caused by poor prothrombin consumption.The disease is an autosomal recessive hereditary disease with a worldwide incidence of about 1 in 1000000. Most of the patients are from close relatives, and spontaneous mutations are relatively rare.So what is the huge platelet disease?1. Thrombocytopenia caused by external factors: such as infection or drug-induced, common viral infections, rubella virus infections, etc., may cause thrombocytopenia.In addition, many drugs can also cause thrombocytopenia, such as anti-inflammatory painkillers, ibuprofen, aspirin, etc., as well as anticoagulant drugs, molecular heparin, unfractionated heparin can cause a decrease in platelet count.2, blood system diseases caused by thrombocytopenia: such as immune thrombocytopenic purpura, aplastic anemia leukemia, acute leukemia, myelodysplastic syndrome, severe megaloblastic anemia, severe iron deficiency anemia, etc., will appearA decrease in the number of platelets.In other patients with malignant tumors, after radiotherapy, thrombocytopenia may occur due to damage to bone marrow hematopoietic stem cells.Therefore, thrombocytopenia includes a variety of diseases.3, the symptoms of giant platelet syndrome: giant platelet syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive hemorrhagic disease, mostly occurs in the family of close relatives married, the pathogenesis is the lack of platelet membrane glycoprotein complex.The disease usually occurs from childhood, often starting from a few days to several months of bleeding, mainly skin mucosal hemorrhage, can be expressed as nosebleeds, bruises, bleeding gums, menorrhagia, gastrointestinal bleeding, traumatic hematoma and evenBrain bleeding and so on.Generally, spontaneous bleeding is mild, and hemorrhage is heavier after trauma or surgery.4, huge platelet disease care and treatment: care should be explained to parents, children, to avoid trauma, reduce bleeding, local bleeding, bleeding is not serious can be used to stop bleeding with gelatin sponge, patients with menorrhagia can participate in the treatment of contraceptives.Patients with severe bleeding can be treated with a concentrated preparation of infused platelets.If a serious child can find a suitable donor, he can perform allogeneic bone marrow transplantation and umbilical cord blood stem cell transplantation. Once successful, it can be cured.

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STOMATOLOGY

What is the reason for boys’ bad breath?

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We talk about it almost every day, we have to talk with our mouths, but if you have bad breath, you will be embarrassed. Most of the bad breath patients are male and very few women. Many patients buy a lot of medicines and they have no effect. They can’t get rid of bad breath.Symptoms, male bad breath is a very difficult thing, it not only hinders social exchanges, but also may indicate the existence of certain diseases, and explore the cause of bad breath, the pathogenic factors are simply not much, so the reason for male bad breath isWhat?First, the reasons for eating: 1. Eat heavy food: often eat garlic, garlic leaves, leeks, onions and other foods, as well as stinky tofu, stinky tofu.With fermented bean curd and salty food, if you don’t brush your teeth immediately after eating, the food residue left in the teeth will not be cleaned immediately, and the mouth will give off an unpleasant smell.2. Eat too much: Eat too much, smoking and drinking, not only easily hurt the spleen and stomach, resulting in food difficult to digest, stomach acid rot, bad breath crowded out, thus forming bad breath.Second, the gastrointestinal gastrointestinal heat caused by bad breath: gastrointestinal hot and humid, often in the mouth exudes acid rot.This is because the mouth is the source of the stomach and intestines.The food stays in the stomach for too long, it will definitely be sour, and the odor produced in the stomach is forced by the mouth, which is expressed as bad breath.Third, the stomach fire is too prosperous to cause bad breath: habits stay up late, often sleep, easy to appear stomach fire too much, stomach discomfort, which easily from the mouth to produce metabolites, metabolites such as strontium, hydrogen sulfide, resulting in bad breath.Fourth, intestinal dry constipation leads to bad breath: intestinal dry constipation, gastrointestinal motility, obsessive, constipation, feces and eternal fermentation, will produce stimulating gases such as ammonium sulfide, this gas is released in vitro, it will form bad breath.5. Digestive system diseases lead to bad breath: once the digestive system disease occurs, it can cause bad breath, such as peptic ulcer, chronic gastritis, stomach discomfort and other diseases.There are a large number of bacteria in the digestive tract, and the endometrium of the digestive tract has ulcers.Therefore, gastrointestinal motility is poor.A little food is gathered in the ulcers, and it is difficult to crowd out.It breeds exhaust gas and is squeezed out of the mouth, causing bad breath.6. Bad breath caused by oral or dental diseases: Bad breath, such as mouth ulcers or tooth swelling and pain, can occur if oral or dental diseases occur.There must be a smell in the mouth.Common diseases causing bad breath include periodontal disease, oral ulcer, oral candidiasis, oral cancer, and rickets.

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STOMATOLOGY

What about tooth sensitive pain?

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It is very common to have tooth pain in daily life. In normal times, whether it is men, women and children, even children may be troubled by sensitive tooth pain because they do not pay attention to oral problems. There is no saying that “toothache is not a disease,”Does it hurt to kill people?”Therefore, once the tooth pain occurs, it is very painful. Therefore, you must pay attention to protecting your teeth in your daily life.

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STOMATOLOGY

What should I do if my teeth are swollen?

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In fact, this is part of our gums. I believe many of my friends often have red and swollen teeth in their lives.In this case, the patient will have obvious pain and even affect normal eating.So what should I do if my teeth are swollen?Let’s take a look at it together.Patients with swollen red teeth can observe their gum status first. If it is only mild gum swelling, you can choose ice to relieve pain.

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