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Why do people with diabetes have low immunity and are easily infected?

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Ordinary people bite a few mosquitoes. At most, they bleed out a bit of blood, pack a bag, and apply a little bit of fengyoujing, which fades the next day.As a seven-year veteran “old sugar friend”, Aunt Zhang was bitten by a mosquito on her left leg, which caused serious consequences after being slapped with a palm.When the aunt took a bath the next day, she found that the area where the mosquito had bitten became inflamed, her legs started to swell and her skin ruptured, and there were purulent discharges, and she had to go to the hospital.The doctor who received the consultation analyzed that first, the current mosquitoes were too poisonous, and second, that Aunt Zhang’s immunity was too weak.Studies have shown that people with diabetes have impaired immune function and are susceptible to infection. Diabetes is the enemy of human health, and the number of diseases worldwide is rising.The number of diabetics in China is the highest in the world, exceeding 200 million.In recent years, there have been many studies on the immunity of diabetics.Among them, experts from the Toronto General Hospital Research Institute in Canada found that patients with type 2 diabetes or obesity at high risk of diabetes have much lower immune responses to infections and pathogens than healthy people.A study published in the international academic journal “Journal of Diabetes Investigation” showed that chronic inflammation in patients with type 2 diabetes may be related to impaired immune function, so they are more likely to be infected.In this New Coronary Pneumonia epidemic, diabetics have become the targets of the New Corona Virus attack due to low immunity. Therefore, in the face of no vaccines and no special drugs, sugar friends can only protect themselves and improve their immunity.Why do diabetics suffer from low immunity?During the National Nutrition Week, Zhao Yongyi, director and deputy chief physician of the Department of Clinical Nutrition of the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangdong Pharmaceutical University, gave an online popular science lecture entitled “Reasonable Diet, Improving the Immunity of ‘Sugar'”.She said that the most important reason for the low immunity of diabetic patients is the disease itself.Diabetes is caused by metabolic disorders due to absolute or relative lack of insulin.The so-called absolute deficiency is insufficient insulin secretion; and the relative deficiency is that a lot of insulin is enough, but it is not used.”In addition to poor glucose metabolism, insulin also promotes the synthesis of protein and fat, so lack of insulin will inevitably lead to obstacles in the synthesis of protein and fat.” Zhao Yongyi said, in addition, insufficient insulin will cause cell hunger, this feeling of hunger encourages the bodySince starting other channels to decompose some nutrients into energy that the body can use.As a result, the synthesis is reduced, but the decomposition is increased, which in turn causes a shortage of body-producing nutrients (including carbohydrates, proteins, fats).In short, it is precisely the primary disease that is not well controlled, the disorder of insulin metabolism, which leads to a series of metabolic disorders and a lack of a series of substances in the body, including many immune-related nutrient deficiencies.The second important cause of immunodeficiency is the unreasonable diet of diabetics.”This kind of patients are often encountered in outpatient clinics and go to two extremes,” Zhao Yongyi said. The extreme is that patients clearly know that high blood sugar is harmful, but they can’t control their mouths.It is important to know that the damage to islets caused by overeating is irreversible. Uncontrolled diet will increase the disturbance of nutrient metabolism, and many immune-related nutrients will be lacking.The second extreme is excessive fear of diabetes. Without consulting a specialist or nutritionist, he over-died on his own and over-abstained, resulting in insufficient intake of nutrients such as protein, vitamins, and trace elements.In addition, factors such as genetics, age, decreased exercise capacity, high stress, poor sleep quality, and poor mood can also affect the immune system of diabetics.Sugar friends should have a reasonable diet and supplement 8 major nutrients to improve immunity. In the “five carriage principles” for the treatment of diabetes, the leading horse is nutrition therapy.Zhao Yongyi emphasized that diabetics should abide by scientific diet principles, including avoiding obesity, regular meals at three meals, balanced and reasonable food, healthy cooking methods, more cooking and less frying, light and less salt, frequent consumption of high-fiber foods, pay attention to choose GI relativeLower food.(Picture from doctor PPT) In terms of improving immunity, diabetic patients appropriately increase the intake of the following nutrients: 1. Protein: protein is the composition of tissues and cells of the whole body. Ingestion of protein is conducive to stimulating islet B cells to release insulin, which is beneficialControl postprandial blood sugar.Meat, fish, eggs, milk, soybeans and products are all foods rich in high-quality protein.2. Vitamin A: Known as the “guardian” of the first defense line of immunity, it can improve the stability of the cell membrane and maintain the integrity of the mucosal barrier.It is recommended to eat more animal liver, egg yolk, milk powder, carrots (carotene can be converted to vitamin A in the body), red yellow and dark green vegetables, fruits.3. Vitamin B: assists the normal operation of the immune system.Vitamin B1 and B6 are rich in meat, vegetables, grains, and beans. B2 is more in liver, kidney, eggs, and milk of animals. The vast majority of B12 comes from meat.4. Vitamin C: helps immune defense, like fresh vegetables and fruits are rich sources of vitamin C.5. Vitamin E: It is an important antioxidant.Edible oil is its main source, in addition, beans, nuts and vegetables also contain a certain amount of vitamin E.6. Iron: Iron deficiency will affect the cell-mediated immune function and reduce the ability to resist infection.Red meat, animal blood, animal internal organs, etc. are rich in heme iron, suitable for consumption..

7. Calcium: closely related to the human immune system, milk and milk products are the best source of calcium, and soybeans and soy products also contain more calcium.8. Zinc: It is essential for the normal development and function of cells that mediate innate and adaptive immunity.Shellfish, red meat, animal offal, dried fruit, cereal germ, and wheat bran contain more zinc.(Correspondent Wang Yuan) The original content of 39Health.com (www.39.net) shall not be reproduced without authorization, and offenders will be investigated.For content cooperation, please contact: 0000 or 0000

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