This year 47, patients with type 2 diabetes, have 5 years of age.I have n’t eaten much salt in the past 5 years, but I have had more injections than my peers have eaten.In the years of fighting diabetes, I gradually figured out some of the path of the disease, of which the second type is more serious.Before I start, I will not talk about experience. I plan to popularize some type 2 diabetes that everyone is familiar with but afraid of.According to incomplete statistics, the prevalence of diabetes in adults in China has exceeded 10% in 2018, of which type 2 is the main type, and type 1 accounts for 5 to 10% of the total number of people.There are many patients with diabetes in China, but many people cannot face it calmly, and even use the wrong method in treatment and conditioning.This is also my main purpose of writing this article. I will introduce the causes, symptoms, and control that people are most concerned about, and finally talk about personal experience.1. The etiology is similar to type 1 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes also has a family inherited characteristic. This genetic characteristic is more obvious than type 1 diabetes.For example: one of the twins has type 1 diabetes, and the other has a 40% chance of getting the disease; but if it is type 2 diabetes, the other has a 70% chance of getting type 2 diabetes.In addition, obesity and age are also the main causes of type 2 diabetes, and I am one of the “victims”.According to research, excess body fat in body-centered obese patients is concentrated in the abdomen, and they are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes than those whose fat is concentrated on the hips and thighs.At the same time, more than half of patients with type 2 diabetes develop after the age of 55.Putting aside the above three factors, the decline in islet β-cell function, environmental factors, and unhealthy lifestyles are also the causes of type 2 diabetes.2. Symptoms The symptoms of diabetes are mainly due to high blood sugar (meaning that the fasting blood glucose concentration is higher than 6.1mmol / L, two hours after a meal, the blood sugar concentration is higher than 7.8mmol / L) and hypoglycemia (meaning that the fasting blood glucose concentration is lower than 2.8mmol / L)Two situations are caused.Of course, it does not mean that high blood sugar or low blood sugar symptoms mean diabetes. Ordinary people can also cause high and low blood sugar due to sports, diet, endocrine and metabolic disorders, but it should be noted that if ordinary people have one of these symptoms,It should be highly valued.Third, the treatment of type 2 diabetes because the cells in the body are not sensitive to insulin, resulting in high blood sugar.Therefore, in treatment, it can be controlled by means of insulin + drugs + reasonable diet exercise.I will not elaborate on this aspect of medication. After all, different people’s physiques and medication methods are different.But reasonable diet + exercise control is what every sugar lover must master, and it is especially important to pay attention to diet.Many friends around me, when I talk about diabetes, the first reaction is not to eat sugar, this view is actually wrong.For example, if there are more insulin injections or more exercise, sugar should be increased accordingly.We must recognize a point: only to achieve a relative balance between insulin, glucose, and exercise is the key to stabilize blood sugar.This balance point requires each sugar friend to control himself!In terms of diet, many people have also introduced the practice of ketogenic diet, namely: high fat ratio, low carbohydrate ratio, protein and other nutrients suitable formula diet.I do n’t know how others are doing. I followed this method, not eating starchy foods, but only high-protein foods. When I was very full, I had low blood sugar, which caused more serious consequences for my body.Later, I took low-glycemic index (GI) food for diet control, and my blood sugar control showed signs of improvement.The following is a search based on my information, and I will share a staple GI table for everyone. Welcome to the collection: GI Index Extended Knowledge: When the glycemic index is below 55, the food can be regarded as a low GI food; when the glycemic index is between 55 and 70In between, the food is a medium GI food; when the glycemic index is above 70, the food is a high GI food.High GI food enters the gastrointestinal tract with fast digestion, high absorption rate, fast glucose release, and high peak value after glucose enters the blood; low GI food stays in the gastrointestinal tract for a long time, low absorption rate, slow glucose release, and glucose peak valueLow, slow down.
Finally, I will talk about the feelings of illness in recent years: Many people learned that they had diabetes, and they linked this with terminal illness in their minds, and they were not interested in anything.For this kind of person, I would like to say that my 5-year history of diabetes has taken a lot of diabetes medicines, and I am still alive and kicking. I have a short trip with my wife and children in my free time.Therefore, as long as there is one day in the world, we cannot easily deny our lives and take medicines and diet control on time. There are no obstacles that can not be overcome.The original content of 39Health.com (www.39.net) may not be reprinted without authorization.For content cooperation, please contact: 0000 or 0000