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CANCER

Zhao Zhongxiang died of cancer!

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On the morning of January 16, 2020, Zhao Zhongxiang’s son, Zhao Fang, published the news of Zhao Zhongxiang’s death on Zhao Zhongxiang’s personal social media.Zhao Zhongxiang is a well-known host in China. He has hosted programs such as “Zhengda Variety Show”, “Animal World” and “Human and Nature” in more than 40 years of CCTV work.In 1983, the first CCTV Spring Festival Gala was opened by Zhao Zhongxiang.The post-00s may not know that for the post-70s, post-80s, or some post-90s, their wonderful knowledge of nature and animals are all accompanied by the sprout of Zhao Zhongxiang’s voice.Cancer, once again, turns the voice that grows with us into an eternal memory.According to a post published by Zhao Zhongxiang’s son, Zhao Zhongxiang felt unwell at the end of 2019. He went to the doctor and found that he had cancer and had spread.Strengthening anti-cancer screening is the key to defeating it.Pancreatic cancer over 40 years of age, accompanied by any of the following: a family history of pancreatic cancer and a history of diabetes; a history of long-term smoking, drinking, high-fat and high-protein diets; no obvious incentive for upper and middle abdominal fullness, discomfort, and abdominal pain, Appearing symptoms of loss of appetite, fatigue, diarrhea, weight loss, or back pain; chronic pancreatitis, repeated authors, especially chronic pancreatitis with pancreatic duct stones; main pancreatic ductal myxoid papilloma, myxoid cystic adenoma,Patients with pseudopapillary tumors who have elevated serum CA19-9; patients with recent diabetes without family history; recommendations for screening: 1. The above subjects use blood test results of tumor markers such as CA19-9 in combination with abdominal CTScreening with MRI and B ultrasound can also provide corresponding help; 2. The above population, especially those with family history and those with existing pancreatic lesions, undergo CT or MR examinations once a year.Pancreatic cancer still faces great difficulties in early diagnosis and prevention. This is also a common problem faced by all tumors, but pancreatic cancer is more prominent.If these people suddenly have symptoms such as poor appetite, wasting for a short time, suddenly suffering from diabetes, suddenly yellowing all over the body, somehow the color of pee is dark, and the color of the stool is suddenly lightening.Should go to the hospital for investigation.Breast cancer Breast cancer ranks first in the incidence of malignant tumors in women in China, and the age of onset is ten years earlier than that of Western women.High-risk groups for breast cancer include: unborn or primiparous women older than 35; menarche less than 12 years old; women who have had menstruation older than 42 years; relatives who have breast cancer before age 50; 2 or moreSecond-degree relatives with breast or ovarian cancer after age 50; those with a history of contralateral breast cancer or severe atypical hyperplasia or intrapapillary papilloma confirmed by breast biopsy; those who have received chest radiotherapy for more than 10 years.Screening recommendations: General women need to undergo a monthly self-examination after the age of 20, once every 3 years in the age of 20-29, and a clinical examination once a year after the age of 30; 35 years old, taking basic mammograms, once every other yearX-ray film; after the age of 40, a mammogram is performed every 1-2 years.After 60 years of age, check the film every 2-3 years.Women after the age of 30 should also have a breast ultrasound examination once a year.If it is a high-risk group of breast cancer, a clinical examination will be performed once a year after the age of 20, and a breast magnetic resonance examination will be performed after the age of 30.In addition to physical examination and screening, in daily life, women need to keep away from tobacco and alcohol, maintain a healthy weight, adhere to exercise, timely fertility, breastfeeding, and balanced nutrition.If lung cancer is counted from the past three decades, lung cancer is the most rapidly growing malignant tumor in China, and its morbidity and mortality rank first in China.People at high risk for lung cancer include: People over 40 years old who are at least one of the following are at high risk-smoking more than 20 packs / year, including those who have quit smoking for less than 15 years; passive smokers; have a history of occupational exposure (asbestos, beryllium, Uranium, plutonium and other contacts); have a history of malignant tumors or a family history of lung cancer; have a history of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or diffuse pulmonary fibrosis.Screening recommendations: Low-dose spiral CT screening is recommended for high-risk lung cancer patients. If pulmonary nodules are detected, a second review should be performed at least within 12 months. Generally, it is not recommended for patients with pulmonary nodules.PET / CT is used as a method for screening lung cancer.Except for those at high risk of lung cancer, ordinary citizens should first quit or not smoke. If there is a risk of occupational exposure, protective measures should be taken. Respiratory diseases should be treated as soon as possible.Liver cancer According to statistics, half of the world’s liver cancer patients are in China, and the mortality rate is second only to lung cancer.High-risk populations for liver cancer: Generally men and women over 35 and women over 45; serological evidence of hepatitis B or C infection; family history of liver cancer; patients with cirrhosis; patients with drug-induced liver damage.Screening recommendations: High-risk groups of men over 35 years of age and women over 45 years of age need to be combined with serum alpha-fetoprotein and liver B-ultrasounds and screened every 6 months.In addition, patients with chronic hepatitis should receive antiviral treatment as soon as possible to control the replication of hepatitis virus, reduce alcohol consumption, lighten food as much as possible, reduce the intake of greasy food, and prevent the intake of moldy food.Gastric cancer China is a country with a high incidence of gastric cancer, with both mortality and morbidity accounting for 50% of the world.High-risk population for liver cancer: If you are over 60 years of age, you have moderate to severe atrophic gastritis, chronic gastric ulcers, gastric polyps, benign gastric remnants after surgery, dysplasia, moderate to severe intestinal metaplasia; clear family history; gastric mucosaGiant wrinkle sign.Screening recommendations: For high-risk groups, regular gastroscopy should be done on the advice of a doctor.The occurrence of gastric cancer is closely related to our diet structure, especially the intake of pickled foods and moldy foods. In addition, we should reduce the intake of nitrite, actively prevent and control Helicobacter pylori infection, quit smoking and alcohol, and do not overdoseOvereating, eating hot food, etc.Prostate cancer Prostate cancer ranks sixth in the incidence of malignant tumors in Chinese men. Clinically, more than 70% of patients were in advanced stages when they were found.High-risk subjects for prostate cancer include: men older than 50 years; men older than 45 years with a family history of prostate cancer; men older than 40 years with a baseline PSA greater than 1 ug / L.Screening recommendations: Population screening is not recommended for men under 40 years of age. Men who are in good health and have a life expectancy of more than 10 years should be screened for PSA. Doctors should explain the risks and risks of prostate screening to the screening subjects in detail.Benefit.To prevent prostate cancer, men must quit smoking and alcohol, reduce intake of high animal fat foods, increase intake of vegetables and fruits, avoid foods that are too spicy, drink plenty of water in daily life, avoid holding back urine, and stay sedentaryVice.Colorectal cancer The incidence of colorectal cancer in China ranks third, and the mortality rate ranks fifth. Judging from the age distribution, the incidence will rise rapidly after the age of 40-45, and there has been a trend of youth in recent years.People at high risk for colorectal cancer include: People over 40 years of age (changes in bowel habits, changes in bowel shape, changes in bowel properties, and pain in the fixed part of the abdomen); Some of immediate family members have had bowel cancer; People who have undergone colon adenoma treatment; Long-termPatients with ulcerative colitis; Population after colorectal cancer surgery; Immediate relatives over 20 years of age with a family history of familial adenomatous polyposis and hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer; Asymptomatic population over 50 years of age.Screening recommendations: For symptomatic high-risk subjects over 40 years of age, symptoms should not be relieved after 2 weeks of symptomatic treatment, then an anorectal digital examination and stool occult blood test should be performed in time.If either is positive, a barium enema or colonoscopy should be performed.Asymptomatic high-risk subjects over the age of 40 should be tested once a year for occult blood tests. If they are positive, add barium enema or enteroscopy. If the stool occult blood test is negative for 3 consecutive times, the screening interval can be appropriately extended.But not more than 3 years.Citizens with a family history of familial adenomatous polyposis and hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer who are over 20 years of age are best tested for genetics. Positives are tested for colonoscopy every 1-2 years.Negatives are screened for individuals over 40 years of age.For those over 50 years of age with no symptoms, it is best to receive a stool occult blood test once a year and enteroscopy every 5 years.To prevent colorectal cancer, we must insist on physical exercise, avoid obesity, eat a healthy diet, increase the intake of crude fiber and fresh fruits, and eat less high-fat and high-protein foods. The elderly can take aspirin for prevention under the guidance of a doctor, stop smoking and alcohol.Cervical cancer: High-risk objects for cervical cancer: Women who are married or have 3 years of sexual life.Screening recommendations: Use cervical cytology at 21-39 years old, once every 2-3 years; use cervical cytology at 30-65 years old, once every 3 years, or combine HPV and cervical cytology screening every 5 yearsOnce a year.Generally, the age is up to 65 years, and if the previous tests showed negative results, no screening is needed.In addition, women who have received the HPV vaccine follow age-specific recommendations.Time is ruthless. Children have grown from tooth to tooth to become adults, and artists who have influenced our youth can not escape the catastrophe of time.Some people call this era “the age of constant loss”. Indeed, in recent years we have sent away many artists who are full of warm memories and youthful years, and we also bid farewell to the stars who were young but fell suddenly.Just like the main theme of “Looking for a Dream”-Death is not the end of life, but forgetting is.Teacher Zhao Zhongxiang, who has become the warm memory of a generation, must be able to live in you and me for a long time.May Mr. Zhao go all the way..

ouyangshaoxia

The author ouyangshaoxia