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CARDIOLOGY

Can one tablet of aspirin per day prevent cardiovascular disease?

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Uncle Li, who was over seventy years old, suddenly fell into a coma this year. After being sent to the hospital, he found that intracranial hemorrhage reached 70 milliliters, and he could not stop the bleeding even after using the medicine for 2 days.After careful consultation by the careful doctor, he finally “pulled” the black hand behind the scene: aspirin.It turned out that Uncle Li had a cerebral hemorrhage three years ago. After he was discharged from the hospital, he was worried about “stroke” again, so he bought aspirin, Sanqi powder, and Danshen powder together to “heal”.Improper medicinal use eventually has such a result.I thought I was keeping in good health, but I didn’t know that it was actually “injuring the body” aspirin, which is a double-edged sword.On the one hand, it can prevent blood clots and relieve cardiovascular disease; on the other hand, it can also increase the risk of bleeding, of which digestive tract injury is the most common side effect.Especially in recent years, people have become more and more superstitious about the saying “aspirin, strong without disease”, and even the saying “one piece of aspirin per day can prevent cardiovascular disease”.Does one tablet of aspirin per day really prevent cardiovascular disease?Regarding this question, a study in Japan gives the answer.The 2014 Japan Primary Prevention Project [JPPP] study found that taking small doses of aspirin daily does not significantly benefit low- and medium-risk groups of cardiovascular disease.Subsequently, the US FDA integrated a large number of research data also showed that aspirin is not recommended for primary prevention of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases.To use aspirin correctly, you must follow 4 rules. Aspirin can cause stomach irritation, but most clinically used aspirin is enteric-coated tablets, which have little stimulation to the stomach, so taking it on an empty stomach is best.Take 1 hour before or 2 hours after a meal.Taking aspirin should follow the principle of small dose and long-term use. Generally, the dosage of aspirin is 75 to 150 mg per day, so that it can not only achieve the best results, but also minimize the toxicity of the drug.However, it should be noted that aspirin cannot be taken together with anticoagulants, otherwise it will increase the risk of bleeding.When combined with adrenal cortex hormones, it can also induce ulcers; when used with some immunosuppressants such as methotrexate, it will increase its toxicity.Therefore, aspirin must be cautious when combining other drugs.Finally, it must be clear that not everyone can use aspirin, especially for the following three groups of people, it should be used with caution.In addition to aspirin is not available to people with gastric ulcers, aspirin should be contraindicated in people with high blood pressure, bleeding tendency, bleeding constitution, and allergy to aspirin.Finally, in addition, people with high uric acid are not suitable for taking aspirin. Aspirin will affect the excretion of uric acid and induce gout.Taking aspirin within three months of pregnancy can also cause abnormal fetal development, and pregnant women who take aspirin for a long time may have delayed delivery and bleeding.Pay attention to these side effects when taking aspirin: When taking aspirin, most of the adverse reactions are mainly symptoms of the digestive tract.The most common is gastrointestinal ulcers, including the appearance of the upper gastrointestinal tract and intestinal bleeding.In addition, long-term use of aspirin can cause subcutaneous bleeding, severe cases can also have bleeding gums or nose bleeding, especially in elderly women.At the same time, long-term use of aspirin may also have adverse effects of poisoning. Headache, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, and vision loss are all symptoms of aspirin poisoning.It can be seen that low-dose aspirin has a good anti-platelet aggregation effect, and is also commonly used by doctors for the treatment of various ischemic cardio-cerebrovascular diseases. However, the adverse reactions caused by aspirin are also very many.Aspirin must be alert to adverse reactions. If an adverse reaction or abnormal performance occurs, it should be stopped immediately and seek medical attention in a timely manner.Reprinting without permission from the author is prohibited

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CANCER

Frankly speaking, most people who do not get cancer easily have these 6 characteristics

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Cancer, a scary disease, is called “the king of all diseases.”Everyone hopes that he will be free of cancer all his life. In fact, if you think about it carefully, it may not be impossible.According to a survey by the National Cancer Registry, if the average lifespan of a 74-year-old is used, the probability of a person getting cancer in their lifetime is 22%.Although genetic mutation is the root cause of cancer, it is inevitable to avoid cancer, which is more determined by the acquired lifestyle and habits.There are 18 centenarians in Yongfu County, Guilin, Guangxi, China’s famous “hometown of longevity”. The reason why they are “immune” to cancer is mainly because they adhere to some good habits.Adhere to 6 good habits, you can also “immune” to cancer. 1. Work regularly. The British Scientific Cancer Research Center has studied more than 1,000 cancer patients from all over the world. It is found that more than 99% of patients often stay up late and go to bed after midnight.normal.Although many people know that staying up late is bad for your health, more people worry that staying up late will make your skin worse.In fact, staying up late has a deeper damage to the body-causing cancer.As early as 2007, the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) has defined “staying up late” as a category 2A carcinogen, which belongs to the same category as the familiar red meat and hot drinks.On the one hand, staying up late will cause the circadian body clock to be disordered. Not only will the circadian clock disorder increase the risk of cancer, it will also make the cancer worse, the drug resistance is stronger, and the patient’s life span is shorter.Studies have found that nurses who often need night shifts have a higher probability of getting breast cancer than the general population; on the other hand, the human body will produce melatonin at night to protect the immune function, but the light will destroy its formation, and lack of melatoninIt is easy to increase the probability of leukemia, breast cancer, prostate cancer and other cancers.2. The harm to the body without drinking tobacco and alcohol is not only the liver, but also other organs.A large amount of research data shows that even drinking one or two liquors a day will increase the risk of various cancers.For example, the risk of oral cancer will increase by 82%, the probability of laryngeal cancer will increase by 43%, and the probability of esophageal cancer will increase by 39%. In addition, the risk of breast cancer, colon cancer and other cancers will also increase.Among the carcinogenic factors announced by WHO, smoking is ranked first.Even more frightening is that smoking will not only increase your own risk of cancer, but also your family’s risk of cancer.Some studies have found that people who have smoked for more than 20 years and smoked 20 cigarettes a day will have a 20-fold increased risk of lung cancer death. Family members who live with them will have a 6-fold higher risk of lung cancer than normal people!3. Healthy eating Eating leftovers for a long time will increase the risk of cancer of the digestive tract, because leftovers contain high levels of nitrite. If they are consumed for a long time, they will accumulate over time. When they reach a certain level, the digestive tract may be induced.cancer.Therefore, as far as possible, do not eat overnight meals, food control should be completed within 6 hours.Not only that, the chance of moldy leftovers will also increase, aflatoxin is a strong carcinogen, excessive intake will increase the risk of liver cancer.Eating while it is hot is also an unhealthy eating habit. Food is too hot and will burn the upper gastrointestinal mucosa. For a long time, it is easy to induce cancer. Therefore, the Chaoshan area that loves kung fu tea and the Taihangshan area that loves hot porridge are allHigh incidence area of ​​esophageal cancer and oral cancer.In addition, the harm of more meat and less vegetarian is not small.Unbalanced diet makes it easy to “eat fat”, and obesity has a close relationship with prostate cancer, breast cancer and other cancers.Not eating vegetables and fruits, and lack of vitamins also increase the risk of lung cancer, stomach cancer and other cancers.4. Emotional optimism Many people find that most elderly people with longevity have an optimistic mood and a positive attitude towards life.Modern medicine proves that when you are happy, a large amount of enzymes and hormones are secreted in the body, so that the blood flow and nerve cell excitement, and the liver’s metabolic activity reach the best state, and improve the body’s defense function.Someone once surveyed 109 long-lived elderly people and found that their characters are very cheerful and optimistic, which shows that optimism is an important factor to stay away from cancer and maintain a healthy and long life.5. Adhere to exercise. American research has proven that people who sit for a long time are more likely to develop colon cancer than those who exercise regularly. Men are also more likely to get prostate cancer.The reason why lack of exercise is easier to get cancer is because the body’s immune cells will decrease with the decrease of activity. If you do not exercise for a long time, the body’s immune cells will continue to decrease, and the probability of cancer will increase greatly.So, move away from cancer!Sixth, the weight is suitable for the German Cancer Research Center said that obesity has become one of the causes of cancer, and its risk is even equivalent to smoking!According to data released by Harvard University in the United States, the cancer risk of smoking is about 30%, while obesity has a cancer risk of about 10% for men and 15% to 20% for women.This shows that maintaining an appropriate weight is very important to prevent cancer!To be “immune” to cancer, we must first ensure a good lifestyle and habits. Of course, it does not mean that after maintaining the above several lifestyles and habits, we will not get cancer, but the risk of cancer will definitely be reduced.Many, it can be said that this is “insurance” of your own health, such a cheap and efficient cancer prevention method, why do you have no reason to do it?References:? 1. “If you don’t want to get cancer, you must change all 10 bad habits!”》. Popular Science China. 2018-04-302. Zhao Huanan. Emotional optimism and longevity [J]. Modern Health, 2006 (2): 17.

3. Shi Dongqing. Excessive weight becomes the main cause of cancer [J]. Frontiers of Medicine, 2012 (5): 58-58. It is forbidden to reprint the original content of 39 Health Network (www.39.net) without the author ’s permission without authorizationNo reprint, offenders will be investigated.For content cooperation, please contact: 0000 or 0000

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